It is part of another maxim, pro tempore existente, which, according to Thomas Tayler, means: Pro tem is the abbreviation of the Latin pro tempore, which means temporary or for the moment. In the legal field, the pro tem judge usually appoints a judge who sits temporarily for another judge or a lawyer appointed as a judge to replace an ordinary judge. If an appellate judge is not available or there is a vacancy, a lower court judge is appointed Judge Pro Tem until a new judge is appointed. Lawyers often serve as pro tem judges in minor cases. Provisional judges are often appointed because there are too many cases that ordinary judges can handle. In the courts, lawyers who volunteer in proceedings are called “pro tem judges”.  Legislative bodies may have one or more pro tempore for the president. These positions ostensibly go to legislators who have experience in the debate on the ground, who know the content and application of relevant rules and precedents, and who have a reputation for fairness among their peers. [Citation needed] Often in abbreviated form as indicated in pro tem; A pro-tem judge is described in Hardagon v Silk as follows: Universities sometimes temporarily appoint faculty chiefs until they are ratified by a board of trustees or Senate committee. These positions are entitled “Dean pro tem”.  “. elected or appointed to act on behalf of the ordinary judge and, in his absence, illness or disqualification.
A judge is only a substitute judge and not a double judge. “If the office of scribe is vacant or if the clerk is unable to perform his duties because of illness or otherwise, the Council may appoint an acting clerk pro tempore who has all the powers and duties of the scribe under this Act and any other Act. The chair of an assembly may have to relinquish the chairmanship for a matter in which he or she has a potential conflict of interest. In this case, a temporary chair is chosen or named, one chair per tempore. A common use of pro tempore in the United States is in municipalities such as cities and towns when it comes to the position of mayor. Some cities do not have a deputy mayoral position, but appoint a person from the city council who acts as mayor pro tempore (pro tem) in the absence of the current mayor.  The United States Senate is required by the United States Constitution (Article I) to elect a president pro tempore (or “president for a time”, often abbreviated as president pro tem), who presides over the Senate in the absence of the vice president. Note these words from the now repealed version 1070 of the Canadian Act, the Ontario Municipal Act, at § 77 (3): The Newfoundland Interpretative Act, 2011 defines pro tempore in § 27 (2) as follows: Pro tempore (/ˌproʊ ˈtɛmpəri, -eɪ/), abbreviated pro tem or p.t., is a Latin expression that can be translated into English as “for the time being”. This term is often used to describe a person acting as a substitute in the absence of a superior, such as.B. the President pro tempore of the United States Senate acting in place of the President of the United States Senate, a position held ex officio by the Vice President of the United States throughout his or her term. In his 1897 American Law Dictionary, the jurist John Bouvier reproduced the Latin-English translation as follows: